In this chapter, we follow the future president's secondary schooling career, notable for the continued deep links to Christianity. The first, a Sowetan high school named after the cleric and educator SG Sekano Ntoane. The second, to introduce teenage Cyril to his family's Venda roots, at the Mphaphuli High School in the small town of Sibasa in the far northern reaches of South Africa. Biographer Anthony Butler describes this modest establishment as one of the three best Venda language schools and among the first to add science to its curriculum. As we learn in this chapter, the school enjoyed a measure of independence, its buildings having been funded by 26 000 Venda taxpayers with no support forthcoming from the Apartheid government due to "lack of resources". We also see Cyril emerge as a leader through the Student Christian Movement.
Season 1 / Episode 3
26 Jul 2020
Read by Alec Hogg
Government · History
The road to talks had been long and winding. Throughout the 1980's, powerful forces pushed by leaders of the ANC and the NP towards negotiation. By the time FW de Klerk seized the state presidency in late 1989, there had been a wide variety of contracts between liberation movement leaders…
As a result of Ramaphosa's skilful management of the release and reception of Robben Island prisoners, he was now something less of an ANC outsider. He was still just a trade union leader with a limited UDF base, regarded as a 'Johnny-come-lately' by many exile and Robben Island grandees. Yet,…
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In this chapter, while the developments suggested that a change of regime would one day become inescapable, organised political opposition was required to close down the National Party's avenues for evasion and delay. In this 1980s endgame of the struggle against apartheid, domestic rather international actors played the decisive role.