#4  Chapter Three - Turfloop

This chapter of Anthony Butler's biography of SA president Cyril Ramaphosa provides an insight into the way the Apartheid government applied its social engineering policies to the country's five black universities. Ramaphosa enrolled at the Turfloop campus of the University of the North in early 1972, one of almost 1,150 students. In line with government policy, Turfloop was designed to cater for those from Venda, Tswana, Pedi and Sotho ethnic groups. Cape Town's University of the Western Cape for Coloureds; University of Durban Westville for Indians; University of Zululand for Zulus; and the most prestigious of the five, University of Fort Hare in the Eastern Cape, the only one that managed to recruit from all over the country. In this chapter, CR starts to make a name for himself through his involved in student politic leadership.
Season 1 / Episode 4 2 Aug 2020 English Read by Alec Hogg South Africa Government · History

Other recent episodes

Chapter 16 - BC: Negotiations, 1984 to 1991

The road to talks had been long and winding. Throughout the 1980's, powerful forces pushed by leaders of the ANC and the NP towards negotiation. By the time FW de Klerk seized the state presidency in late 1989, there had been a wide variety of contracts between liberation movement leaders…
Season 1 / Episode 18 1 hour

Chapter 15 - ANC Secretary General

As a result of Ramaphosa's skilful management of the release and reception of Robben Island prisoners, he was now something less of an ANC outsider. He was still just a trade union leader with a limited UDF base, regarded as a 'Johnny-come-lately' by many exile and Robben Island grandees. Yet,…
Season 1 / Episode 17 38 min

Chapter 14 - By Mandela's side

At the end of the 1980's, popular unrest swept the country. In reaction, the besieged National Party (NP) desperately used state coercion to contain a growing crescendo of protest. Many of its leaders now recognised that a negotiated settlement, on its own terms, was the only way to avert disaster.
Season 1 / Episode 16 27 min

Chapter 13 - Becoming ANC

In this chapter, Cosatu was widely and immediately recognised by liberation movement exiles as a triumph. Resolutions adopted at the inaugural congress - including demands for the withdrawal of troops from townships, the release of political prisoners, the unbanning of illegal movements and parties, and the imposition of economic sanctions…
Season 1 / Episode 15 53 min

Chapter 12 - Domestic opposition

In this chapter, while the developments suggested that a change of regime would one day become inescapable, organised political opposition was required to close down the National Party's avenues for evasion and delay. In this 1980s endgame of the struggle against apartheid, domestic rather international actors played the decisive role.
Season 1 / Episode 14 35 min